The business of each company requires good accounting systems and the techniques they use. Therefore, anyone who has ever dealt with an accounting business is already familiar with the concept of a credit note. A credit note is a business document that is issued by one business entity to another – when it wants to reduce the already incurred debt of its business partner.
Although the entire job was once done at a much slower pace, today technology has enabled us to use software that can help us with this type of work. What is a credit note and how it works in 2020 – we will try to explain.
What Is A Credit Note?
A credit note is a business document that is issued by one company or entrepreneur to another when they want to reduce the already incurred debts of a business partner. For example, if a seller wishes to grant a discount to a buyer who has already shipped the goods and issued an invoice – he issues a credit note as an approval to the buyer. That document ought to reduce the buyer’s debt for the goods already received.
In What Other Cases Can A Credit Note Be Used?
This type of authorization may occur in other cases. For example, if the buyer upon delivery finds that the goods he has received are defective or of inferior quality than those shown on the invoice.
Then a record will be made of the quantitative and qualitative receipt of the goods – and a reduction of the debit from the seller is required on this basis. The seller can meet the buyer and issue a credit note – reducing the already issued invoice for the amount the buyer has requested.
A credit note may also occur when the deal is contracted using a currency clause. A currency clause is a provision of a contract that binds the amount of a transaction to the value of a foreign currency. Payment is made in your official currency – in the equivalent, by applying the agreed exchange rate. Practically, the contracting parties agree on the amount of the transaction in foreign currency. They also agree on how the invoicing and payment will be done.
Let’s say that the seller and the buyer agreed to make the payment at the rate that the payment is made. If the seller issues the buyer a dollar bill before that time, by using the different exchange rate – on the day of payment, the exchange rate difference will be reported. If the exchange rate difference is negative – the seller will issue a credit note to the buyer on the amount of the exchange rate difference.
What Does This Document Look Like?
This type of approval form is not prescribed. However, the authorization must contain some basic elements, which are required by law. Information such as company name, address and tax number of seller and buyer is required.
Of course, such forms also include information such as the place and date of issue, the ordinal number of the document, the Value-Added Tax information, the regular tax rate, etc. Let’s not forget the data related to the issue of invoices for the completed transactions, which will be reduced by the book approval.
Use Of Specialized Software
Depending on the accounting system you belong to, many of the items listed may be of extreme importance. It seems pretty complicated, doesn’t it? It is for this reason that software such as Billdu can greatly assist you in the whole process.
Online generators like this offer you the ability to get things done quickly and give your business greater efficiency. Not to mention the professional appearance and the fact that your business partners will have far more confidence in your company. Therefore, the use of such or similar software is almost implied in 2020.
Notice Of Correction Of Previous Value Added Tax Deduction
If the credit note affects the turnover of goods and services on which VAT is charged – then it may contain another element, namely the notice of correction of the previous tax by the recipient of the goods.
Possession of a written notice is a condition that the seller must fulfill to reduce his VAT liability. This is why many sellers enter it in the text of credit note approval. Unless the seller has written a note to the buyer that he has corrected the VAT deduction upon such an approval – he cannot reduce his VAT liability based on the same document.
Let’s say we have a buyer and a seller both in the VAT system. The seller delivered the goods and delivered the invoice to the buyer. The buyer used the stated VAT in the seller’s account as deductible – and the seller showed in his tax return as his tax liability.
Subsequently, the seller issues a credit note for the discount to his buyer. Based on this approval, the seller’s tax liability on value-added tax is reduced. At the same time, the buyer has a reduction in the VAT he used as a deduction from the original invoice he received from the seller. However, to be able to reduce its liability, the seller must receive a written note from the buyer that the buyer has also reduced the amount of tax deducted from the original invoice.
The Importance Of The Accounting Software and Programs
Considering that all these tasks require great precision, knowledge of current regulations, as well as considerable time – the fact is that you cannot do this quickly and easily without the use of appropriate software.
We suggest that you choose one of the trusted software that you can find in the market according to the needs of your company. You can use many of them completely free of charge online. Such programs significantly reduce the time that takes you to post documents by automating the process of posting and forming documents as much as possible.