A traffic accident is an event on a road or other place open to public traffic, or commenced in such a place, in which at least one moving vehicle participated and in which one or more persons were killed or injured or sustained material damage.
The most common causes of traffic accidents are non-compliance with traffic regulations and failure to adjust speed to weather conditions.
Traffic accidents have become a measure of safety for people and property in the area of social life. It is estimated that over 20,000,000 have been killed in road traffic accidents since the creation of the motor vehicle to the present day, and around 15,000,000 have been rendered incapable of any work. Recently, around 250,000 people die annually in the world, and over 7,000,000 people suffer minor and serious injuries.
Causes of traffic accidents
Each traffic accident is the result of a violation of the law or of a traffic relationship, a system involving road users, entities that take care of its occurrence, vehicles, road, climatic conditions and other factors, or disruption of the normal functioning of one of the elements of that system. The circumstances under which a traffic accident occurred describe the conditions in which it occurred. They can contribute to (or not) a traffic accident due to the root causes. The most commonly cited are the circumstances, which official statistics cite as causes: inadequate (unsafe, unadjusted) speed, the influence of the intoxicated state, wet road, fog, night, etc.
The first two of these circumstances are in the human factor, while the others are in the environment.
These are accidents that occur between two moving vehicles. The road, contrary to what many people think, is not a passive element in traffic or less in accidents.
It entirely influences directly, since it not only supports traffic but also contributes with factors that allow the immediate displacement and stopping of motor vehicles.
For example, the coefficient of kinetic friction depends primarily on the construction and section of the elements exposed to friction, the type, quality of material, wear, landslides, potholes, lack of signaling.
The severity of an accident increases with the speed with which the impact of the vehicle against a fixed or mobile obstacle occurs, or with the ground in case of overturning.
The consequences of an impact against pedestrians diminish if you fall the regulations:
- If it occurs at 25 km / h, it causes small injuries to the affected pedestrian.
- At 30 km / h, non-fatal injuries.
- At 50 km / h, it will cause serious injuries with a high probability of survival.
- At 55 km / h or more, it is likely to die.
- A crash at 120 / h equals a vertical drop of 54 meters.
To be aware of each one, here the most common types of traffic accidents.
1. Front collision
It would be a violent encounter between two or more moving vehicles. The impact is given and received in the front parts of the vehicles involved. It can be central (when approximately the longitudinal axes of the vehicles coincide) or right or left (when the longitudinal axes are parallel but not coincident). If the longitudinal axes are not parallel, it will be angular. As the Haug Law Group advises, it is only in the event that you have not suffered any injuries and minimal damage to your vehicle that you do not need expert legal assistance. In the case of anything more serious, consider the option of expert legal assistance.
2. Rear collision
This occurs when a vehicle is traveling at a faster speed than the one before it and the one that hits the back. The harmful results are usually lower due to the difference in speeds between the vehicles involved.
3. The unforeseen obstacle
A child, an old woman, a dog, a cat, a drunk person or a rock that falls from a cliff on the road. Nobody is free of the surprises on the track, the same ones that cause run-ins or that, in a maneuver to avoid them, we collide with another car or some other object, damaging our car and putting our integrity at risk.
4. Red light
A collision of two cars that reach the end of the red light and the one in front brakes too fast or the one in the back does not notice and brakes too late.
5. The road without a signal
The accident usually occurs when vehicles that travel very fast – especially at night – obviate a stop sign or “slow down”. The worst part is that in many cases they do not ignore it, but the signal simply does not exist.
The violent rubbing that damages the surface of the car of two vehicles or a vehicle against a structure. It happens because of the inexperience or recklessness of a driver.
7. Multiple crash
When more than two cars collide due to an initial accident. For example, after a crash between two cars, others come at excessive speed and fail to avoid the accident.
8. The forgotten turning light
Drivers agree that this mechanism has very high risks. When a car is many years old, the mechanism that deactivates the turn light after turning a corner is damaged. For example, a car gets into the path of another that came with the turning light on, not knowing that this light corresponds to a previous maneuver.
What to do when it happens?
It is very important that you be alert at the time you are in a traffic accident and act in accordance with law and ethics. In the event of an accident, traffic safety law defines the behavior and duties of road users, and if you are well aware of the rules, in the circumstances in which you find yourself, you will act properly. The behavior of traffic participants in the event of a traffic accident is defined by law with the aim of preventing new casualties, ensuring the effective rescue of the injured, ensuring official inspection by the competent traffic police and regulating the damage caused. Logging all traffic accident data helps prevent traffic safety issues.
The law regulates that in the event of an accident there should be as little traffic disruption as possible and the optimal flow of traffic in the area of a traffic accident, as well as compensation to the insured for material damage. First and foremost, a traffic accident participant and any traffic participant on the scene is obliged to protect themselves and prevent new casualties. Only in this way can he be able to help others who have been injured in a car accident and to ensure their effective rescue.
In summary, it is important to know the different possible types of accidents for subsequent effective reconstruction. Knowing the final position of the vehicles and users involved in the accident can help deduce the way in which it occurred.