Myopia is an eye condition that can affect your vision, and it is one of the most common refractive errors affecting both children and adults.
It is caused by too much focusing on near objects and not enough on far ones, which means that the eye’s lens is too long and focuses light on the retina at an angle instead of directly on it. It can also be caused by excessive growth of the eye during childhood.
There are many treatment options for myopia, but only a few work well enough to improve your vision. Some people may choose to wear glasses or contact lenses to correct their vision, but these options may not be ideal for everyone.
This article illustrates a few treatment options that will help you to improve your vision if you are diagnosed with myopia.
Treatment Options For Myopia
You may think that getting your eyesight checked by an optometrist is the only way to treat this condition, but other options can help you get a clearer view of the world around you.
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1. Glasses or contact lenses
There are several treatment options for myopia, but one of the most effective is to have your eyes examined by an ophthalmologist. The doctor will recommend glasses or contact lenses if you are nearsighted enough for such correction.
This procedure involves placing an artificial lens in your eye’s cornea to correct your refractive error. This option may help you see clearly, but it won’t fix the problem for good, and you might have to wear your glasses forever. To get rid of your myopia, you will need surgery to reshape your eyeball back into its normal shape.
If you are not comfortable wearing glasses or contact lenses for long periods and want to treat myopia for good, then laser surgery may be an option for you.
2. LASIK surgery
LASIK surgery involves reshaping either your cornea or your lens using a laser to increase your focus distance. It is one of the most effective ways to improve your vision.
The procedure works by reshaping the shape of your cornea so that it focuses light rays more accurately on the retina, which helps with nearsightedness and farsightedness.
It also has been shown to reduce nearsightedness in a high percentage of patients who undergo LASIK surgery.
It works best when combined with vision correction therapy such as eyeglasses or contact lenses. Although, it can also be used alone if done properly after checking with an ophthalmologist first so that there are no complications in the future.
3. Refractive lens exchange (RLE)
Refractive lens exchange, also known as intraocular lens replacement, is a surgical procedure used to treat nearsightedness and other refractive errors.
The procedure involves replacing the natural lens of the eye with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL) that has been designed specifically for people with myopia. The IOL is made of a clear, biocompatible material that is safe to use in the eye.
The IOL sits behind your iris, where it provides clear vision and prevents distortion from changing light rays’ paths as they enter or leave the eye’s natural lens.
During the procedure, the natural lens of the eye is removed and replaced with an IOL that is customized to the patient’s specific refractive error. This type of treatment is usually done in one session under local anesthesia, so recovery time is minimal and painless.
What Are The Common Causes Of Myopia?
There are several factors that can cause myopia, including genetic predisposition, excessive close-up work, and environmental factors.
1. Genetic predisposition
Genetic predisposition plays a significant role in the development of myopia. If one or both parents have myopia, there is a higher likelihood that their children will also develop the condition.
People who have a family history are more likely to develop the condition themselves. This is because this condition is often passed down through generations. In addition, certain ethnic groups are more prone to it, such as Asian populations.
2. Excessive close-up work
Children who spend a lot of time indoors and engage in activities that require close-up vision, such as reading or using a computer for extended periods, are at a higher risk of developing myopia. When people engage in these activities, they often focus their eyes on objects that are close to them, which can lead to the development of nearsightedness.
3. Health conditions
Myopia can also be caused by other underlying health conditions. For example, people with diabetes or high blood pressure may be more likely to develop myopia. Additionally, some medications can cause myopia as a side effect.
4. Environmental factors
Environmental factors can also contribute to the development of myopia. Research has shown that children who spend more time outdoors are less likely to develop this condition than those who spend a significant amount of time indoors.
This is because outdoor activities, such as playing sports, provide a greater amount of visual stimulation, which can help prevent nearsightedness from developing. Furthermore, a lack of outdoor time and sunlight exposure has been linked to the development of myopia.
In conclusion, there are several treatment options for myopia that can improve your vision. The best way to treat nearsightedness is with prescription glasses or contact lenses, but if you cannot tolerate wearing glasses or contact lenses because of their appearance or other reasons, then you might want to consider laser eye surgery or refractive surgery.
Individuals must take steps to prevent myopia from developing, such as spending more time outdoors and engaging in activities that provide visual stimulation.
Make sure to consult with an eye care professional to determine the best course of action for your individual needs. By seeking appropriate treatment, you can improve your vision and maintain good eye health.