Legs and feet are exposed to a large load, so any disturbance of statics and biomechanics is reflected in the form of potential development of deformities. One of the biggest deformities is the disturbing relationship between the lower leg and the upper leg, which leads to a collision of the knee when walking, known as a knock knee.
Deformity known as “X” of the leg is most common among school children but is not uncommon in adults either. Since “X” legs are most often caused by flat feet, the first measure of their correction is wearing appropriate insoles, and to strengthen the thigh muscles, experts at this time of year advise you to go skating and skiing.
This knee deformity occurs as a result of congenital damage to the developed external parts of the bones that make up the knee or due to disturbed statics caused by deformities of the hip or foot. The cause can also be the position of the legs in the uterus during pregnancy, as well as being overweight. This deformity is also known as X legs. The legs are X-shaped, the knees are favorite and the feet are separated. The support is on the inner side of the foot, which is why the arches are lowered, and in severe forms of deformity, the knees overlap. When the knees are assembled, the distance between the feet should be less than five centimeters. If it is bigger, it is a deformity, and if it does not decrease in the lying position, the deformity is fixed.
In certain conditions, the only way to correct it is adequate intervention. Adequate assessment and selection of appropriate techniques are extremely important. However, the good news is that in most cases this can be corrected by adequate exercises in which a should be persistent.
Physical activity is of great importance for the health of our body, and it will certainly contribute to strengthening the knee and correcting the condition of the knee. What could help you is cycling, walking, swimming. However, in addition to certain physical activities, it is necessary to do exercises such as the alphabet of the toes, standing kicks, squats in the wall, lifting the legs, and so on. Particularly necessary to fix knock knees is the forcing of the supinator muscles of the foot, as well as the external rotators of the thighs, My Knock Knee Fix explains. If the exercises are performed from a standing position with a load of statics with the body’s own weight, then corrective insoles should be placed in the shoes beforehand, with which the inner edge is raised along its entire length. Walking on the toes, and walking on the outer edge of the foot, reduces the eversion of the heel while placing the Achilles heel in a vertical position.
It is necessary to warm up for 5-10 minutes before starting the exercises. This way you will prevent injuries during exercise.
Although many exercises for this deformity can be found on the Internet, our advice is to consult a physiatrist. He will show you how to perform the exercises correctly, because if you do not do them properly, the result will be absent, and you may even worsen the condition.
X-knees are very easy to recognize – convexity of the knees facing inwards, difficulty walking, knees rub against each other, back and hip pain, rapid fatigue when standing and walking, lowered foot, etc. This type of deformity can be divided into idiopathic, symptomatic, and compensatory types.
The idiopathic type of deformity occurs for unknown reasons, due to hormonal dysfunction, milder forms of rickets, and as we have already mentioned, it is sometimes present from birth, or due to the position of the legs in the uterus.
The symptomatic type occurs due to inflammation of the bones, and causes impaired growth, while the compensatory type occurs as a result of static changes.
Early detection of the disease plays an important role in treatment. Deformity correction is achieved by applying a kinesitherapy exercise program consisting of active exercises (exercises to strengthen and stretch the shortened muscles of the lower extremities) and passive correction measures (various aids). As this disease is most commonly associated with obesity (overnutrition), it is very important to reduce body weight and accumulated adipose tissue that accumulates on the thigh from the inside of the thigh.
In 95% of children, aged 2 to 6, treatment is not necessary, because the condition is corrected spontaneously. In persistent cases, exercises and shoes with medial reinforcement are recommended. In the more severe form, in children over 8 years of age, it is necessary to wear dentures overnight. In adolescence, correction is most often performed surgically.
The human body is built and designated to perform activities. The times we live in have brought us to a stage where there is less and less time for physical activity, which has been replaced by the virtual world.
The modern way of life brings many positive changes, but also an increase in many negative factors that are reflected in the health of the entire population. What can be most noticeable is the impact on a child’s growth and development. Due to the “new” way of playing, children are mostly in a sitting position, which ultimately results in various changes in body posture. The most common changes are in the spine, such as scoliosis, kyphosis, and lordosis, but it can also affect the lower extremities (“X” and “O” legs).
Deformities of the lower extremities, “x” or “o” of the leg, should be corrected as soon as possible, as soon as irregularities are noticed. In addition to aesthetic defects, these deformities can also cause serious health problems. Namely, due to improper loading, fatigue, and pain in all joints of the legs, even in the lower back, will occur during a long walk.